Women of Northern Caucasus mention unemployment and low wages as their main problems
The Heinrich Böll Foundation has announced the results of the comprehensive study on the status of women in Chechnya, Ingushetia, Kabardino-Balkaria, and Dagestan. Respondents mentioned high rate of unemployment, low wages, and poor quality of health services as their main problems.
In 2014, the study was carried out in the republics of Northern Caucasus by local women's organizations with the support of the Heinrich Böll Foundation.
High rate of unemployment was mentioned as the main problem by 66% of female respondents in Ingushetia, 52% in Chechnya, 46% in Kabardino-Balkaria, and 44% in Dagestan.
The number of other mentioned problems included corruption (in Dagestan, it was mentioned by 41% of female respondents, and in Chechnya by 39%), high rate of crime (in Kabardino-Balkaria 25%, in Dagestan 10%, in Chechnya 5%, and in Ingushetia 4%), consequences of military actions (in Chechnya 30% and in Dagestan 4%), and polygamy (in Chechnya 18%, in Dagestan 6%, and in the rest of the republics 3%).
In general, female respondents voiced different assessments of their position. As it turned out, in Chechnya, women face the "most difficult" living conditions: 78% of female respondents assessed their position as "difficult". In Dagestan, the correspondent number of respondents reached 60%, in Kabardino-Balkaria 44%, and in Ingushetia 48%.
According to the study, the highest rate of polygamy appears to take place in Chechnya, where it reaches 16%. Of it, in the age group of 17-30, it reaches 13.8%. And in the age group of 31-45, the rate of polygamy is even higher: in this group, men of 28% of women have other wives.
The study has also touched upon the assessment of family lives of female respondents. The highest rate of women married under pressure was registered in Kabardino-Balkaria, where the rate reached 42% of female respondents.
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